|The Interview of Administrator Gjergj Buxhuku published in Albania Daily News
Which is your point of view on
the current political situation in Albania as a well- known expert in
economy and also due to your experience in central state institutions?
I should say that the current
political situation is a natural result of everything that has happened during
the 25- year history of the Albanian state- forming, the legacy, the economy
and the international geo- strategic developments. During all
these years of transition we could not build a functional democratic state. But
also we had no objective possibilities for many reasons to build functional
democracy. Everything was formally democratic but it was fundamentally pseudo-
democracy. Nevertheless, the 25-year exercise has been useful for three main
reasons: adaptation and recognition of the principles of the democratic state;
the identification of the nature of the illness; the definition of the curing
medicament which, in this case, is the partial or the total delegation of the
judicial power to the internationals, our strategic longterm allies countries.
I think that we are already passing a key stage of the thorough reformation of
the Albanian state which will have exactly the judicial system as Archimedes
Point. The friendly countries have evaluated that the governance in Albania should
not only create internal and regional stability, but should also now it's the
right moment to be obliged to begin producing genuine democracy. As far as this
is concerned the internationals also are aware that now they should be directly
present in albanian most important decisions making and not only search it
through the local politicians be them even missionaries or self- labeled as
such by themselves. I underline that without the intervention and help of the
friendly countries Albania's
entire political scene neither wished nor could build a true democratic system.
Why do you assess that Albania does
not have the possibility to build a genuine democratic system?
There are many objective reasons
but I would single out one which, according to me, is determining: the economy
and the need for survival of the Albanian people during the transition years. The
destruction of the totalitarian and anti-democratic system, the massive poverty
etc., determined the survival of the Albanian people through all the possible
ways. Many were illegal activities and a significant part had criminal
of all, the need for survival of the citizens determined the pseudo- democratic
nature in a large scale of the state institutions, which were formed in
continuity, including here the judiciary system with clear elements of
corruption and incapableness which climaxed to criminalization. But I point out
once more that the judiciary system was created and build as such by the
political decision- making in face of subjective and objective impossibilities
to provide its citizens with the living possibility through legal means. It
should be also added here the corruption and the comfort of the governance without
considering the nature of sources and means that made possible the rapid unfair
enrichment of the actual political class. Naturally this continued until the
disfunction of democracy, and the thirstiness for power of the incapable and
corrupt politicians made that well known representants of crime become open and
not hidden officially present even in the Albanian Parliament. And here we are
According to you, which is the
defect in the Albanian terrain of the package of the judiciary reform proposed
by internationals and how can it be improved?
I think that it has two main
defects. Firstly, their presence should be direct with foreign staff in courts,
prosecution, police agencies, decision- making and monitoring institutions of
the system and not indirectly with Albanian individuals. This should happen for
at least at the second and third levels of judiciary (Court of Appeals and
Supreme Court) and that period should be not less than 10 years. Secondly, it
should be accompanied with an economic Marshall Plan for Albania which
should function paralelly with the implementation of the reform in judiciary. If
we simply think and take into consideration that at least 30 - 40 percent of
the Albanian economy is informal and a considerable part has even criminal
nature, you can realize what impact has the implementation of the judiciary
reform on people's survival. It is indispensable a comprehensive financial aid
program, economic development projects, integration in the EU job markets and
quickened integration in EU. Otherwise either we will have unrest and
continuous social instability or will have at least 500, 000 Albanians in
immigration floads towards EU! I am afraid that EU has not taken into account
this effect of the reform in justice and I invite them to reflect as soon as
How do you think of an eventual
and acceptable scenario to overcome the political crisis and begin the
implementation of the judiciary reform?
I think that the most probable is
the implementation of a process in some stages:
The holding of elections on June 18 this year in any
case even without the participation of the main opposition.
The completion of all the remaining part of the
judiciary package by the new Parliament and its entering into force.
The holding of early elections within the spring
of 2018 with a genuine technical government.
In such a case the interests of
parties and main political individuals, but also of the internationals can be
realized. Naturally, there will be politicians and political forces that will
lose, but the Albanian citizens will be the winners. Certainly, it would be
hoped that the internationals will be capable to build an accompanying strategy
of economic, financial and integrating aid for Albanian citizens and not only
the implementation of a reform in judiciary as a means in itself and as a
theoretical exercise without taking into consideration the effects in the
|+ Data 2021-07-28
|Vjosa Region Investments Forum “ Ecosystem for Sustainable Development. EU Green Agenda. Vjosa actual Emergencies and future Challenges. Technology and Environment.25/9/2021, Gorge of Kelcyra-Albania
|+ Data 2020-12-11
|International Forum: Vjosa River Basin Region (Albania, Greece) Sustainable Development Strategy Initiative.
Market of Ideas
|Friends, we invite you to join our conversation!
Theme of the day: How do you value the EU initiative for the creation of the Regional Market of the Western Balkan countries. Regional Market Facing Albania-Kosovo National Market.
Send us you opinion: [email protected]